Based on the IBUU transport model, the effect of proton transition momentum on the collective flows is studied in 40Ca + 40Ca,112Sn + 112Sn and 197Au + 197Au collisions at incident beam energy of 400 MeV/A with impact parameter
By following the Foldy-Wouthuysen (FW) transformation of the Dirac equation, we work out the exact analytic expressions up to the 1/M4 order for the general cases in the covariant density functional theory. These results are further compared with the corresponding ones derived from another novel non-relativistic expansion method, the similarity renormalization group (SRG). Based on that, the origin of the difference between the results obtained by the FW transformation and SRG method is explored.
We reexamine the simplified dark matter (DM) models with fermionic DM particle and spin-0 mediator. The DM-nucleon scattering cross sections of these models are low-momentum suppressed at tree-level, but receive sizable loop-induced spin-independent contribution. We perform one-loop calculation for scalar-type and twist-2 DM-quark operators and complete two-loop calculation for scalar-type DM-gluon operator. By analyzing the loop-level contribution from new operators, we find that future direct detection experiments can be sensitive to a fraction of parameter space. The indirect detection and collider search also provide complementary constraints on these models.
We study the drag force of a relativistic heavy quark using a holographic QCD model with conformal invariance broken by a background dilaton. We analyze the effects of chemical potential and confining scale on this quantity, respectively. It is shown that the drag force in this model is larger than that of
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