The structure of neutron-rich Ca isotopes is studied in the spherical Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (SHFB) approach with SLy5, SLy5+T, and 36 sets of TIJ parametrizations. The calculated results are compared with the available experimental data for the average binding energies, two-neutron separation energies and charge radii. It is found that the SLy5+T, T31, and T32 parametrizations reproduce best the experimental properties, especially the neutron shell effects at N = 20, 28 and 32, and the recently measured two-neutron separation energy of 56Ca. The calculations with the SLy5+T and T31 parametrizations are extended to isotopes near the neutron drip line. The neutron giant halo structure in the very neutron-rich Ca isotopes is not seen with these two interactions. However, depleted neutron central densities are found in these nuclei. By analyzing the neutron mean-potential, the reason for the bubble-like structure formation is given.
We report the Neutrino-less Double Beta Decay (NLDBD) search results from PandaX-II dual-phase liquid xenon time projection chamber. The total live time used in this analysis is 403.1 days from June 2016 to August 2018. With NLDBD-optimized event selection criteria, we obtain a fiducial mass of 219 kg of natural xenon. The accumulated xenon exposure is 242 kg·yr, or equivalently 22.2 kg·yr of 136Xe exposure. At the region around 136Xe decay Q-value of 2458 keV, the energy resolution of PandaX-II is 4.2%. We find no evidence of NLDBD in PandaX-II and establish a lower limit for decay half-life of 2.1
The structural effect is believed to have no influence on the decay properties of medium and heavy-mass nuclei at excitation energies above the pairing gap. These properties can be described by statistical properties using so-called photon strength functions for different multipolarities, and directly related to the photoabsorption cross-section (
We investigate the
A flavor dependent kernel is constructed based on the rainbow-ladder truncation of the Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations in quantum chromodynamics. The quark-antiquark interaction is composed of a flavor dependent infrared part and a flavor independent ultraviolet part. Our model gives a successful and unified description of the light, heavy and heavy-light ground state pseudoscalar and vector mesons. Our model shows, for the first time, that the infrared enhanced quark-antiquark interaction is stronger and wider for lighter quarks.
One of the major open problems in theoretical physics is a consistent quantum gravity theory. Recent developments in thermodynamic phase transitions of black holes and their van der Waals-like behavior may provide an interesting quantum interpretation of classical gravity. Studying different methods of investigating phase transitions can extend our insight into the nature of quantum gravity. In this paper, we present an alternative theoretical approach for finding thermodynamic phase transitions in the extended phase space. Unlike the standard methods based on the usual equation of state involving temperature, our approach uses a new quasi-equation constructed from the slope of temperature versus entropy. This approach addresses some of the shortcomings of the other methods, and provides a simple and powerful way of studying the critical behavior of a thermodynamical system. Among the applications of this approach, we emphasize the analytical demonstration of possible phase transition points, and the identification of the non-physical range of horizon radii for black holes.
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