The cross-sections for 46Ti(n,2n)45Ti, 46Ti(n,p)46m+gSc+47Ti(n,d*)46m+gSc, 46Ti(n,p)46m+gSc, 47Ti(n,p)47Sc+48Ti(n,d*)47Sc, 47Ti(n,p)47Sc, 48Ti(n,p)48Sc+49Ti(n,d*)48Sc,48Ti(n,p)48Sc, and 50Ti(n,α)47Ca reactions were investigated around neutron energies of 13.5–14.8 MeV by means of the activation technique. Fast neutrons were produced by the 3H(d,n)4He reaction. Neutron energies from different directions in the measurements were obtained in advance using the method of cross-section ratios for 90Zr(n,2n)89m+gZr and 93Nb(n,2n)92mNb reactions. The results obtained are analyzed and compared with the experimental data provided by the literature and verified nuclear data in the JEFF-3.3, CENDL-3.1, ENDF/B-VIII.0 libraries, as well as results calculated by Talys-1.9 code.
We study the theoretical constraints on a model whose scalar sector contains one color octet and one or two color singlet SU(2)L doublets. To ensure unitarity of the theory, we constrain the parameters of the scalar potential for the first time at the next-to-leading order in perturbation theory. Moreover, we derive new conditions guaranteeing the stability of the potential. We employ the HEPfit package to extract viable parameter regions at the electroweak scale and test the stability of the renormalization group evolution up to the multi-TeV region. Furthermore, we set upper limits on the scalar mass splittings. All results are given for both cases with and without a second scalar color singlet.
We investigate a 6D generalized Randall-Sundrum brane world scenario with a bulk cosmological constant. Each stress-energy tensor
True ternary fission and Tin-accompanied ternary fission of 242Pu are studied by using the 'Three Cluster Model'. True ternary fission is considered as a formation of heavy fragments in the region
In this paper, we investigate whether it is possible to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy via a high-statistics and real-time observation of supernova neutrinos with short-time characteristics. The essential idea is to utilize distinct times-of-flight for different neutrino mass eigenstates from a core-collapse supernova to the Earth, which may significantly change the time distribution of neutrino events in the future huge water-Cherenkov and liquid-scintillator detectors. For illustration, we consider two different scenarios. The first case is the neutronization burst of
Elastic scattering angular distributions and total reaction cross-sections of 7,10,11,12Be projectiles are predicted by the systematic 9Be global phenomenological optical model potential for target mass numbers ranging from 24 to 209. These predictions provide a detailed analysis by their comparison with the available experimental data. Furthermore, these elastic scattering observables are also predicted for some targets out of the mass number range. The results are in reasonable agreement with the existing experimental data, and they are presented in this study.
The precise spectrum of electrons and positrons at high energies plays an important role in understanding their origin. DArk Matter Particle Explorer has reported their first measurement of the
We give the Buchdahl stability bound in Eddington-inspired Born-Infeld (EiBI) gravity. We show that this bound depends on an energy condition controlled by the model parameter
We study the hadronic decays of
We investigate the extinction coefficients of the surface atmospheric aerosol over the Large High Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO), located at the Haizi Mountain, Daocheng County, China. To this end, we utilize the Longtin model, Mie scattering theory, and experimental data obtained by the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO). Our theoretical calculations show that the total extinction coefficients of the atmospheric aerosol at the wavelength of 200–500 nm are inversely proportional to the laser wavelength, and influenced by the wind speed. From July 2015 to October 2016, the extinction coefficient of the surface atmospheric aerosols at 532 nm wavelength reached 0.04 km−1 with no wind, while it increased to 0.1 km−1 with gusts. In this period, the extinction coefficients of the surface atmospheric aerosol at 532 nm wavelength, obtained by the CALIPSO, change from 0.01 to 0.07 km−1, which is less than the values obtained the theoretical calculation and larger than the average of Tibetan Plateau in 2006−2016. These calculations and experimental evidence provide important arguments to the model of atmospheric aerosol to be applied in the calibration of LHAASO. Our results suggest that the extinction coefficients over LHAASO require further study, including research on the size distribution, shape, concentration of aerosols particles, wind dependence, relative humidity dependence, etc.
We propose a novel self-consistent mean field approximation method by means of a Fierz transformation, taking the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model as an example. This new self-consistent mean field approximation introduces a new free parameter α to be determined experimentally. When α assumes the value of 0.5, the approximation reduces to the mean field calculation commonly used in the past. Subsequently, we study the influence of the undetermined parameter α on the phase diagram of the two-flavor strong interaction matter. The value of α plays a crucial role in the strong interaction phase diagram, as it not only changes the position of the phase transition point of strong interaction matter, but also affects the order of the phase transition. For example, when α is greater than the critical value
We explore the Kibble-Zurek scaling of conserved charge using stochastic diffusion dynamics. The characteristic scales
A hypergeometric function is proposed to calculate the scalar integrals of Feynman diagrams. In this study, we verify the equivalence between the Feynman parametrization and the hypergeometric technique for the scalar integral of the three-loop vacuum diagram with four propagators. The result can be described in terms of generalized hypergeometric functions of triple variables. Based on the triple hypergeometric functions, we establish the systems of homogeneous linear partial differential equations (PDEs) satisfied by the scalar integral of three-loop vacuum diagram with four propagators. The continuation of the scalar integral from its convergent regions to entire kinematic domains can be achieved numerically through homogeneous linear PDEs by applying the element method.
In this paper we present a comparative study between PYTHIA, EPOS, QGSJET, and SIBYLL generators. The global event observables considered are the charged energy flow, charged particle distributions, charged hadron production ratios and V0 ratios. The study is performed in the LHCb and TOTEM fiducial phase spaces on minimum bias simulated data samples for pp collisions at
During the past few years, signs of lepton flavor universality (LFU) violation have been observed in
In the excitation of the resonant state followed by the sequential cluster-decay, the in-plane angular correlation method is usually employed to determine the spin of the mother nucleus. However, the correlation pattern exhibited in a two-dimensional angular-correlation spectrum depends on the selected coordinate system. In particular, the parity-symmetric and axial-symmetric processes should be presented in a way to enhance the correlation pattern, whereas the non-symmetric process should be plotted separately to reduce the background. In this study, three coordinate systems previously adopted for correlation patterns in the literature are described and compared to each other. The consistency among these systems is evaluated based on the experimental data analysis for the 10.29-MeV state in 18O. A spin-parity of 4+ is obtained for all three coordinate systems.
In past years, several hints of lepton flavor universality (LFU) violation have emerged from the
The collective rotations of the
In this paper, we compute the relativistic corrections of the fragmentation functions (FFs) for a heavy quark to Bc and
We investigate the static, spherically symmetric regular black hole solutions in the generalized Rastall gravity. In particular, the prescription of Rastall gravity implies that the present approach does not necessarily involve nonlinear electrodynamics. Subsequently, the resulting regular black hole solutions can be electrically and magnetically neutral. The general properties of the regular black hole solutions are explored. Moreover, specific solutions are derived and discussed, particularly regarding the parameter related to the degree of violation of the energy-momentum conservation in the Rastall theory.
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