In this paper, we investigate the quantum scalar fields in a massive BTZ black hole background. We study the entropy of the system by evaluating the entanglement entropy using a discretized approach. Specifically, we fit the results with a log -modified formula of the black hole entropy, which is introduced by quantum correction. The coefficients of leading and sub-leading terms affected by the mass of graviton are numerically analyzed.
Measurements of decay asymmetry parameters of charmed baryons, e.g.,
We use the latest results of the ultra-high accuracy 1S-2S
The high-precision measurement of Higgs boson properties is one of the primary goals of the Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC). The measurements of
A microscopic high spin study of neutron deficient and normally deformed 133,135,137Sm have been carried out in projected shell model framework. The theoretical results have been obtained for the spins, parities and energy values of yrast and excited bands. Besides this, the band spectra, band head energies, moment of inertia and electromagnetic transition strengths are also predicted in these isotopes. The calculations successfully give a deeper understanding of the mechanism of the formation of yrast and excited bands from the single and multi-quasi particle configurations. The results on moment of inertia predict an alignment of a pair of protons in the proton (1h11/2)2 orbitals in the yrast ground state bands of 133-137Sm due to the crossing of one quasiparticle bands by multi-quasiparticle bands at higher spins. The discussion in the present work is based on the deformed single particle scheme. Any future experimental confirmation or refutation of our predictions will be a valuable information which can help to understand the deformed single particle structure in these odd mass neutron deficient 133-137Sm.
Differential and angle-integrated cross sections for the 10B(n, α)7Li, 10B(n, α0) 7Li and 10B(n, α1) 7Li* reactions have been measured at CSNS Back-n white neutron source. Two enriched (90%) 10B samples 5.0 cm in diameter and ~85.0 μg/cm2 in thickness each with an aluminum backing were prepared, and back-to-back mounted at the sample holder. The charged particles were detected using the silicon-detector array of the Light-charged Particle Detector Array (LPDA) system. The neutron energy En was determined by TOF (time-of-flight) method, and the valid α events were extracted from the En-Amplitude two-dimensional spectrum. With 15 silicon detectors, the differential cross sections of α-particles were measured from 19.2° to 160.8°. Fitted with the Legendre polynomial series, the (n, α) cross sections were obtained through integration. The absolute cross sections were normalized using the standard cross sections of the 10B(n, α)7Li reaction in the 0.3 − 0.5 MeV neutron energy region. The measurement neutron energy range for the 10B(n, α)7Li reaction is 1.0 eV≤En < 2.5 MeV (67 energy points), and for the 10B(n, α0) 7Li and 10B(n, α1) 7Li* reactions is 1.0 eV ≤ En < 1.0 MeV (59 energy points). The present results have been analyzed by the resonance reaction mechanism and the level structure of the 11B compound system, and compared with existing measurements and evaluations.
The electric quadrupole moment
The precision study of
Within the framework of the Lanzhou quantum molecular dynamics model, the deep subthreshold antiproton production in heavy-ion collisions has been investigated thoroughly. The elastic scattering, annihilation and charge exchange reactions associated with antiproton channels are implemented in the model. The attractive antiproton potential extracted from the G-parity transformation of nucleon selfenergies reduces the threshold energies in meson-baryon and baryon-baryon collisions, and consequently enhances the antiproton yields to some extent. The calculated invariant spectra are consistent with the available experimental data. The primordial antiproton yields increase with the mass number of the colliding system. However, annihilation reactions reduce the antiproton production which becomes independent of the colliding partners. Anti-flow phenomena of antiprotons correlated with the mean field potential and annihilation mechanism is found by comparing them with the proton flows. Possible experiments at the high-intensity heavy-ion accelerator facility (HIAF) in China are discussed.
We investigate the mass-shift of P-wave charmonium (
We calculate cross-sections and cross-section ratios of a charm quark production in association with a W gauge boson at next-to-leading order QCD using MadGraph and CT10NNLO, CT14NNLO, and MSTW2008NNLO PDFs. We compare the results with measurements from the CMS detector at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. Moreover, we calculate absolute and normalized differential cross-sections as well as differential cross-section ratios as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity from the W boson decay. The correlation between the CT14NNLO PDFs and predictions for
The weak cosmic censorship conjecture in the near-extremal BTZ black hole has been tested using test particles and fields. It has been claimed that such a black hole can be overspun. In this paper, we review the thermodynamics and weak cosmic censorship conjecture in BTZ black holes using the scattering of a scalar field. The first law of thermodynamics in the non-extremal BTZ black hole is recovered. For the extremal and near-extremal black holes, due to the divergence of the variation of entropy, we test the weak cosmic censorship conjecture by evaluating the minimum of the function f, and find that both the extremal and near-extremal black holes cannot be overspun.
Considering the cosmological constant as the pressure, this study addresses the laws of thermodynamics and weak cosmic censorship conjecture in the Reissner-Nordström-AdS black hole surrounded by quintessence dark energy under charged particle absorption. The first law of thermodynamics is found to be valid as a particle is absorbed by the black hole. The second law, however, is violated for the extremal and near-extremal black holes, because the entropy of these black hole decrease. Moreover, we find that the extremal black hole does not change its configuration in the extended phase space, implying that the weak cosmic censorship conjecture is valid. Remarkably, the near-extremal black hole can be overcharged beyond the extremal condition under charged particle absorption. Hence, the cosmic censorship conjecture could be violated for the near-extremal black hole in the extended phase space. For comparison, we also discuss the first law, second law, and the weak cosmic censorship conjecture in normal phase space, and find that all of them are valid in this case.
In this study, we compared the effect of the isospin asymmetry of proton and neutron density distributions in the neutron skin-type (NST) case and in the Hartree-Fock formalism (HF) on the half-life of alpha emitters with the atomic number in the range of
In this article, we take the scalar diquark and antidiquark operators as the basic constituents, and construct the
We test the possible dipole anisotropy of the Finslerian cosmological model and the other three dipole-modulated cosmological models, i.e. the dipole-modulated ΛCDM, wCDM and Chevallier–Polarski–Linder (CPL) models, by using the recently released Pantheon sample of SNe Ia. The Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method is used to explore the whole parameter space. We find that the dipole anisotropy is very weak in all cosmological models used. Although the dipole amplitudes of four cosmological models are consistent with zero within the
All existing experimental evidence for the bound state nature of
We study the structure of neutron-rich calcium isotopes in the shell model with realistic interactions. The CD-Bonn and Kuo-Brown (KB) interactions are used. As these interactions do not include the three-body force, their direct use leads to poor results. We tested whether the adjustment of the single particle energies (SPEs) would be sufficient to include the three-body correlations empirically. It turns out that the CD-Bonn interaction, after the adjustment of SPEs, gives good agreement with the experimental data for the energies and spectroscopy. For the KB interaction, both the SPEs and monopole terms require adjustments. Thus, the monopole problem is less serious for modern realistic interactions which include perturbations up to the third order. We also tested the effect of the non-central force on the shell structure. It is found that the effect of the tensor force in the CD-Bonn interaction is weaker than in the KB interaction.
In order to describe charge exchange reactions at intermediate energies, we implemented as a first step the formulation of the normal eikonal approach. The calculated differential cross-sections based on this approach deviated significantly from the conventional DWBA calculations for CE reactions at 140 MeV/nucleon. Thereafter, improvements were made in the application of the eikonal approximation so as to keep a strict three-dimensional form factor. The results obtained with the improved eikonal approach are in good agreement with the DWBA calculations and with the experimental data. Since the improved eikonal approach can be formulated in a microscopic way, it is easy to apply to CE reactions at higher energies, where the phenomenological DWBA is a priori difficult to use due to the lack, in most cases, of the required phenomenological potentials.
The multinucleon transfer (MNT) process has been proposed as a promising approach to produce neutron-rich superheavy nuclei (SHN). MNT reactions based on the radioactive targets 249Cf, 254Es, and 257Fm are investigated within the framework of the improved version of a dinuclear system (DNS-sysu) model. The MNT reaction 238U + 238U was studied extensively as a promising candidate for producing SHN. However, based on the calculated cross-sections, it was found that there is little possibility to produce SHN in the reaction 238U + 238U. In turn, the production of SHN in reactions with radioactive targets is likely.
We propose a method for extracting the properties of the isobaric mass parabola based on the total double
This work uses the Boltzmann transport model to study the thermal production of
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