2022 Vol. 46, No. 10
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We study the properties of gravitational wave (GW) signals produced by first-order phase transitions during the inflation era. We show that the power spectrum of a GW oscillates with its wave number. This signal can be observed directly by future terrestrial and spatial GW detectors and through the B-mode spectrum in the CMB. This oscillatory feature of the GW is generic for any approximately instantaneous sources occurring during inflation and is distinct from the GW from phase transitions after inflation. The details of the GW spectrum contain information about the scale of the phase transition and the later evolution of the universe.
In this study, we modify a scenario, originally proposed by Grimus and Lavoura, in order to obtain maximal values for the atmospheric mixing angle and
New vectorlike quarks have been proposed in many scenarios of new physics beyond the Standard Model, which address the hierarchy problem and may be potentially discovered at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Based on a model-independent framework, we propose to search for the vectorlike B-quark (VLQ-B) and focus on resonant production via b-gluon fusion through chromomagnetic interactions. We then explore the possible signals of the VLQ-B through the
The search for an effective reduction method is one of the main topics in higher loop computation. Recently, an alternative reduction method was proposed by Chen in [
Because both W-mass and muon
In this study, we explore the hadronic coupling constants
In this study, we investigate the QCD chiral phase diagram in the presence of a chiral chemical potential
Heavy Majorana neutrinos beyond the standard model can simultaneously explain the origin of tiny neutrino masses and matter-antimatter asymmetry in our Universe. The existence of heavy Majorana neutrinos will also lead to lepton number violation and confirm the possibility of rare lepton-number-violating W decays. With contributions from two different Majorana neutrinos, nonzero CP asymmetry may be generated from the rate difference between W decay and its CP-conjugate process. The aim of this study is to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation in rare W decays via Majorana neutrinos at the LHC. Our calculations show that the induced CP asymmetry is independent of the Majorana neutrino mass for
The 12C+12C fusion reaction was studied in the range of Ec.m.=8.9 to 21 MeV using the active-target Time Projection Chamber. With full information on all tracks of the reaction products, cross sections of the 12C(12C,8Be)16Og.s. channel and the 12C(12C,3α)12C channel could be measured down to the level of a few milibarns. The 12C(12C,8Be)16Og.s. reaction channel was determined to be 10
The energy dependence of the spectral fluctuations in the interacting boson model (IBM) and its connections to the mean-field structures are analyzed by adopting two statistical measures: the nearest neighbor level spacing distribution
In this study, we investigate the impact of jet quenching on the
We study the ground-state properties of the
In this study, we systematically investigate the proton radioactivity half-lives of 33 spherical nuclei based on the relationship between Skyrme parameters and the macroscopic quantities of nuclear matter. Using the two-potential approach with the spherical Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model, the correlation between proton radioactivity half-life and the macroscopic quantities is analyzed. Moreover, we obtain a new Skyrme parameter set by fitting the two most weighted macroscopic quantities. Compared with the Skyrme parameters MSL0 and the theoretical model of proton radioactivity UDLP, the theoretical proton radioactivity half-life calculated using the new Skyrme parameter set can better reproduce the experimental data.
A relativistic Weizsäcker mass model is proposed based on the single-particle levels and ground state deformations obtained in axial deformed relativistic mean field theory. The density functional of relativistic mean field theory is chosen as DD-LZ1, which can partially remove spurious shell closures. Compared with the fourth Weizsäcker-Skyrme mass model, the proposed model provides shell correction energies that exhibit wide spreading, and the root-mean-square mass deviation is 1.353 MeV. Further improvement is in progress.
The production of
We perform a potential analysis on the holographic Schwinger effect in a rotating deformed AdS black-hole background. We calculate the total potential of a quark-antiquark (
We propose and test a new method of estimating the model parameters of the phenomenological Bethe-Weizsäcker mass formula. Based on the Monte Carlo sampling of a large dataset, we obtain, for the first time, a Cauchy-type parameter distribution formed by the exact solutions of linear equation systems. Using the maximum likelihood estimation, the location and scale parameters are evaluated. The estimated results are compared with those obtained by solving overdetermined systems, e.g., the solutions of the traditional least-squares method. Parameter correlations and uncertainty propagation are briefly discussed. As expected, it is also found that improvements in theoretical modeling (e.g., considering microscopic corrections) decrease the parameter and propagation uncertainties.
In this study, we construct a non-commutative gauge theory of the modified structure of the gravitational field using the Seiberg-Witten map and the general tetrad fields of Schwarzschild space-time to show that the non-commutative geometry removes the singularity at the origin of the black hole, thus obtaining a non-singular Schwarzschild black hole. The geodetic structure of this black hole presents new types of motion next to the event horizon within stable orbits that are not allowed by the ordinary Schwarzschild spacetime. The noncommutative periastron advance of the Mercury orbit is obtained, and with the available experimental data, we find a parameter of non-commutativity on the order of
Using five sets of nucleon coupling constants (DD-MEI, GL85, GL97, GM1, and NL2), we find that the radius of the PNS PSR J0737-3039A is R=15.693–18.846 km, the central baryon density is
In this study, we investigate the quasinormal mode and late-time tail of charged massless scalar perturbations of a black hole in generalized Rastall gravity. The black hole metric in question is spherically symmetric, accompanied by a power-Maxwell field surrounded by a quintessence fluid. We show that the massless scalar field, when dressed up with the magnetic field, acquires an effective mass, which significantly affects the properties of the resultant quasinormal oscillations and late-time tails. Specifically, the quasinormal frequencies become distorted and might even be unstable for particular spacetime configurations. Additionally, the exponent of the usual power-law tail is modified according to the modification in the structure of the branch cut of the retarded Green's function. In particular, as the effective mass is generated dynamically owing to the presence of the magnetic field, we may consider a process through which the field is gradually removed from the spacetime configuration. In this context, while the quasinormal oscillations converge to the case of massless perturbations, we argue that the properties of resultant late-time tails do not fall back to their massless counterpart. The relevant characteristics are investigated using numerical and analytic approaches.
We investigate tidal forces and geodesic deviation motion in the spacetime of a black hole in a galaxy with a dark matter halo. Our results show that tidal forces and geodesic deviation motion depend on the mass of the dark matter halo and the typical lengthscale of the galaxy. The effect of the typical lengthscale of the galaxy on the tidal force is opposite to that of dark matter mass. With increasing dark matter mass, the radial tidal force increases in the region far from the black hole but decreases in the region near the black hole. Furthermore, the absolute value of angular tidal force monotonously increases with the dark matter halo mass. The angular tidal force also depends on the particle energy, and the effects of dark matter become more distinct for the test particle at higher energies, which differs from the behavior observed in typical static black hole spacetimes. We also present the change in the geodesic deviation vector with dark matter halo mass and the typical lengthscale of a galaxy under two types of initial conditions.
In this study, we conduct an investigation on decoupling gravitational sources under the framework of
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