## 2023 Vol. 47, No. 1

Display Method: |

2023, 47(1): 011001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9b2b

**Abstract:**

Considering that the negative pressure of the accelerated expansion of the universe results from the cosmological constant or the dark energy quintessence, we use the dark energy quintessence to construct the "quintessential" phase space. In contrast to the previous discussion in which the cosmological constant is considered as the black hole (BH) phase transition pressure, in this analysis, we believe that the pressure results from quintessence. The characteristics of critical behavior, Gibbs free energy, and temperature behavior in quintessential phase space are investigated. We observe that the phase transition belongs to van der Waals phase transition within

2023, 47(1): 013001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac957c

**Abstract:**

Two photon collisions offer a variety of physics phenomena that can be studied at future electron-positron colliders. Using the planned CEPC parameters as a benchmark, we consider several topics within two-photon collisions. With the full integrated luminosity, Higgs boson photoproduction can be reliably observed, and large statistics on various quarkonium states can be collected. The LEP results for the photon structure function and tau lepton anomalous magnetic moment can be improved by 1-2 orders of magnitude.

2023, 47(1): 013002. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9895

**Abstract:**

Using

2023, 47(1): 013101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac936b

**Abstract:**

We study the deep inelastic scattering (DIS) of a proton-targeted lepton in the presence of gluon condensation using gauge/gravity duality. We use a modified

*c*corresponds to the gluon condensation in the boundary theory. First, by examining the electromagnetic field, we establish that a non-zero

*c*can increase field magnitude. Our aim is to obtain the acceptable value of

*c*for this scattering. Our method is based on setting the mass of the proton as an eigenvalue of the baryonic state equations of the DIS to find the acceptable value of the parameter

*c*on the other side of the equations. Therefore, in the second step, we calculate wave function equations for the baryonic states where the mass of the proton target requires a value contribution of

*c*as

*x*and

*q*, which are Björken variables and the lepton momentum transfers, respectively. Comparing the Jlab Hall C data with our theoretical calculations, our results are acceptable.

2023, 47(1): 013102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac93ed

**Abstract:**

In this study, we systematically investigated two-pseudoscalar meson systems with the Bethe-Salpeter equation in the ladder and instantaneous approximations. By solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation numerically with the kernel containing the one-particle exchange diagrams, we found that the

2023, 47(1): 013103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac945a

**Abstract:**

We study the

*P*represents a light pseudoscalar meson (

*K*or

*π*). Assuming

*CP*violations of these considered decays are small (

*CP*violation of the

*CP*violations, including the implicit

2023, 47(1): 013104. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac957a

**Abstract:**

We study the electromagnetic form factors and tensor polarization observables of the deuteron in the framework of the hard-wall AdS/QCD model. We find a profile function for the bulk twist

2023, 47(1): 013105. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9889

**Abstract:**

Inspired by the LHCb observations of hidden-charm

2023, 47(1): 013106. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9894

**Abstract:**

Using gauge/gravity duality, we study the potential energy and the melting of triply heavy baryon at finite temperature and chemical potential in this paper. First, we calculate the three-quark potential and compare the results with quark-antiquark potential. With the increase of temperature and chemical potential, the potential energy will decrease at large distances. It is found that the three-quark potential will have an endpoint at high temperature and/or large chemical potential, which means triply heavy baryons will melt at enough high temperature and/or large chemical potential. We also discuss screening distance which can be extracted from the three-quark potential. At last, we draw the melting diagram of triply heavy baryons in the

2023, 47(1): 013107. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9896

**Abstract:**

Motivated by recent supersymmetry (SUSY) search results, which prefer most SUSY particles to be heavy, and the muon

*g*–2 anomaly, which prefers colorless SUSY particles to be light, we explore the status of a light smuon (the SUSY partner of a left-handed muon lepton) in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM). Assuming colored SUSY particles to be heavy, and considering numerous experimental constraints, including muon

*g*-2, SUSY searches, and dark matter, we scan the parameter space in the NMSSM with

2023, 47(1): 013108. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9897

**Abstract:**

A new Goldstone particle named Majoron is introduced in order to explain the origin of neutrino mass via some new physics models assuming that neutrinos are Majorana particles. By expanding the signal region and using likelihood analysis, it becomes possible to search for Majoron using experiments originally designed to search for

2023, 47(1): 013109. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9aab

**Abstract:**

In this study, we tentatively identify

2023, 47(1): 013110. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/aca00d

**Abstract:**

The ground vector

2023, 47(1): 013111. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9deb

**Abstract:**

To date, the behavior of the pionic leading-twist distribution amplitude (DA)

*ξ*-moments calculated using QCD sum rules based on the background field theory, we perform an analysis on several commonly used models of the pionic leading-twist DA in the literature; these include the truncation form of the Gegenbauer polynomial series, the light-cone harmonic oscillator model, the form extracted from the Dyson-Schwinger equations, the model from the light-front holographic AdS/QCD, and a simple power-law parametrization form.

2023, 47(1): 014001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9e9a

**Abstract:**

A transfer reaction and cluster-decay experiment,

*α*+

*α*, was performed at a beam energy of 96 MeV. Both recoil and decay

*α*particles were detected in coincidence, allowing us to deduce the energy-momentum of a

*Q*-value and excitation-energy spectra, the relative decay widths for each resonant state in

2023, 47(1): 014101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac94bd

**Abstract:**

In the present work, based on the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) theory, considering the cluster preformation probability (

^{221}Fr to

^{242}Cm. When the mass number of the emitted cluster

*α*decay preformation probability (

**61**, 1930 (1988)], while

**70**, 034304 (2004)]. The half-lives of cluster radioactivity have been calculated by the density-dependent cluster model [Phys. Rev. C

**70**, 034304 (2004)] and by the unified formula of half-lives for alpha decay and cluster radioactivity [Phys. Rev. C

**78**, 044310 (2008)]. For comparison, a universal decay law (UDL) proposed by Qi

**80**, 044326 (2009)], a semi-empirical model for both

*α*decay and cluster radioactivity proposed by Santhosh [J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys.

**35**, 085102 (2008)], and a unified formula of half-lives for alpha decay and cluster radioactivity [Phys. Rev. C

**78**, 044310 (2008)] are also used. The calculated results of our work, Ni's formula , and the UDL can well reproduce the experimental data and are better than those of Santhosh's model. In addition, we extend this model to predict the half-lives for 51 nuclei, whose cluster radioactivity is energetically allowed or observed but not yet quantified in NUBASE2020.

2023, 47(1): 014102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9601

**Abstract:**

Many isotopes of Np, Pu, Am, and Cm around the

*N*= 126 shell still have not been produced in the laboratory. This study aims to investigate the cross sections and yields of the neutron-deficient nuclei of Np, Pu, Am, and Cm produced in the proton-induced spallations of transuranium elements. The isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) model is applied to study the dynamical process of reaction, and the subsequent decay process is simulated by the GEMINI++ model. The IQMD-GEMINI++ model is applied to calculate the cross section, kinetic energy, and angular distribution of the isotopic productions around

*N*= 126. The Lindhand, Scharff, and Schiott theory is applied to calculate the energy loss of different heavy nuclei in the target material. A comparison between the data and the calculations shows that the IQMD-GEMINI++ model can reproduce the production cross sections of the neutron-deficient nuclei in spallation within approximately 1.5 orders of magnitude. The maximum cross section of the undiscovered isotopes of Np, Pu, Am, and Cm is about 10

^{−5}mb, while the kinetic energies of the productions are all less than 16 MeV. The angular distribution shows that the emission direction of production is mostly at a backward angle. The range of production in the target is within the range of 10

^{−7}to 10

^{−5}cm. This range is the effective target thickness for the online identification of undiscovered isotopes. Based on the effective thickness of the target and assuming an intensity of 120 μA for the proton beam, the yields of the undiscovered neutron-deficient nuclei are calculated. Productions of the undiscovered isotopes of Np, Pu, Am, and Cm by the proton-induced spallations of transuranium elements are feasible. However, experimental techniques for online identification of neutron-deficient nuclei produced in proton-induced spallation should be developed.

2023, 47(1): 014103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9888

**Abstract:**

Within the Bayesian framework, using an explicitly isospin-dependent parametric equation of state (EOS) for the core of neutron stars (NSs), we studied how the NS EOS behaves when we confront it with the tidal deformabilities

2023, 47(1): 014104. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9de8

**Abstract:**

Despite its success with mass spectra, the reputation of the bag model has been marred by embarrassment of the center of mass motion. It leads to severe theoretical inconsistencies. For instance, the masses and the decay constants would no longer be independent of the momentum. In this work, we provide a systematic approach to resolving this problem. Our framework can consistently compute the meson decay constants and baryon transition form factors. Notably, the form factors in the neutron

*β*decays do not depend on any free parameters and are determined to be

2023, 47(1): 014105. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9893

**Abstract:**

In addition to the Coulomb displacement energy, the residual differences between the binding energies of mirror nuclei (a pair of nuclei with the same mass number plus interchanged proton and neutron numbers) contribute to the shell effect via the valence scheme in this study. To this end, one linear combining type of valence nucleon number, namely,

2023, 47(1): 014106. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9a36

**Abstract:**

In this study, we systematically investigate the

*ϕ*meson and nucleus interaction by analyzing and fitting the cross sections of

*N*reactions near the threshold, where

*N*represents the nucleus. Using the vector meson dominant model, the distribution of the

*ϕ*-

*N*scattering length is presented as a function of energy, and the results show that there is a slight increase in scattering length with increasing energy. Based on this, the average scattering length of a

*ϕ*-proton is obtained as

*ϕ*-deuteron interaction is derived to be

*ϕ*-

*N*scattering length at the threshold is discussed. The obtained results not only provide important theoretical information for a more comprehensive and accurate study of the

*ϕ*-

*N*scattering length, but also a basis for future experimental measurements of

*ϕ*meson production.

2023, 47(1): 015001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9371

**Abstract:**

The Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO) has three sub-arrays, KM2A, WCDA, and WFCTA. The flux variations of cosmic ray air showers were studied by analyzing the KM2A data during a thunderstorm on June 10, 2021. The number of shower events that meet the trigger conditions increases significantly in atmospheric electric fields, with a maximum fractional increase of 20%. The variations in trigger rates (increases or decreases) were found to be strongly dependent on the primary zenith angle. The flux of secondary particles increased significantly, following a trend similar to that of shower events. To better understand the observed behavior, Monte Carlo simulations were performed with CORSIKA and G4KM2A (a code based on GEANT4). We found that the experimental data (in saturated negative fields) were in good agreement with the simulations, assuming the presence of a uniform electric field of -700 V/cm with a thickness of 1500 m in the atmosphere above the observation level. Due to the acceleration/deceleration by the atmospheric electric field, the number of secondary particles with energy above the detector threshold was modified, resulting in the changes in shower detection rate.

2023, 47(1): 015101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac945b

**Abstract:**

The cosmic distance duality relation (DDR) is constrained by a combination of type-Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) and strong gravitational lensing (SGL) systems using the deep learning method. To make use of the full SGL data, we reconstruct the luminosity distance from SNe Ia up to the highest redshift of SGL using deep learning, and then, this luminosity distance is compared with the angular diameter distance obtained from SGL. Considering the influence of the lens mass profile, we constrain the possible violation of the DDR in three lens mass models. The results show that, in the singular isothermal sphere and extended power-law models, the DDR is violated at a high confidence level, with the violation parameter

*σ*confidence level, with the violation parameter

2023, 47(1): 015102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac94bc

**Abstract:**

We studied the surface geometry and shadows of a Schwarzschild black hole with a halo containing quadrupolar and octopolar terms. It was found that the quadrupole term causes a Schwarzschild black hole to be prolate at the quadrupole strength

*W*, height

*H*, oblateness

*K*, and distortion parameter

2023, 47(1): 015103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac957b

**Abstract:**

We search for a possible relationship between weak gravity conjecture (WGC) and conformal field theory (CFT) in hyperscaling violating and Kerr-Newman-AdS black holes. We deal with the critical points of the black hole systems using the correlation function introduced in CFT and discuss WGC conditions using the imaginary part of the energy obtained from the critical points and their poles. Under the assumptions

2023, 47(1): 015104. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9603

**Abstract:**

In the present study, we investigate the anisotropic stellar solutions admitting Finch-Skea symmetry (viable and non-singular metric potentials) in the presence of some exotic matter fields, such as Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) dark matter, the Kalb-Ramond fully anisotropic rank-2 tensor field from the low-energy string theory effective action, and the gauge field imposing

2023, 47(1): 015105. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9d28

**Abstract:**

In light of our previous study [Chin. Phys. C 44(8), 085103 (2020)], we investigate the possibility of the formation of a primordial black hole in the second inflationary process induced by the oscillation of the curvaton. By adopting the instability of the Mathieu equation, one can utilize the

*δ*function to fully describe the power spectrum. Owing to the running of the curvaton mass, we can simulate the value of the abundance of primordial black holes covering almost all of the mass ranges. Three special cases are given. One case may account for dark matter because the abundance of a primordial black hole is approximately 75% . As late times, the relic of exponential potential may be approximated to a constant of the order of a cosmological constant, which is dubbed as the role of dark energy. Thus, our model could unify dark energy and dark matter from the perspective of phenomenology. Finally, it sheds new light on exploring Higgs physics.

2023, 47(1): 015106. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9b2c

**Abstract:**

In this study, the gravitational decoupling approach via extended geometric deformation is utilized to generate analytical black hole solutions owing to its simplicity and effectiveness. Considering the external fields surrounding Schwarzschild AdS black holes, we derive hairy black hole solutions in asymptotic AdS spacetime, satisfying the strong and dominant energy conditions. Moreover, we find that if the black hole spacetime is a fluid system, the fluid under each of these conditions is anisotropic.

2023, 47(1): 015107. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9aaa

**Abstract:**

In this article, a new class of solutions of Einstein-Maxwell field equations of relativistic strange quark stars obtained in dimensions

*R*is a parameter related to the curvature of the space-time, and

*b*is the radius of the star. The spheroidal parameter

*λ*used here defines the metric potential of the

*λ*. The maximum mass for a given surface density (

*D*. The generalized Buchdahl limit for a higher dimensional charged star is also obeyed in this model. We observe that in this model, we can predict the mass of a strange quark star using a suitable value of the electric charge (

*Q*) and bag constant (

*B*). Energy and stability conditions are also satisfied in this model. Stability is also studied considering the dependence of the Lagrangian perturbation of radial pressure (

2023, 47(1): 015108. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac9fb9

**Abstract:**

In this study, we investigate the influence of the angular momentum of a charged particle around Kerr-Newman-Taub-NUT black holes on the Lyapunov exponent and find spatial regions where the chaos bound is violated. The exponent is obtained by solving the determination of the eigenvalues of a Jacobian matrix in the phase space. Equilibrium positions are obtained by fixing the charge-to-mass ratio of the particle and changing its angular momentum. For certain values of the black holes' electric charge, the NUT charge and rotational parameter, a small angular momentum of the particle, even with zero angular momentum, causes violation of the bound. This violation disappears at a certain distance from the event horizon of the non-extremal Kerr-Newman-Taub-NUT black hole when the angular momentum increases to a certain value. When the black hole is extremal, the violation always exists no matter how the angular momentum changes. The ranges of the angular momentum and spatial regions for the violation are found. The black holes and particle rotating in the same and opposite directions are discussed.

**ISSN** 1674-1137 **CN** 11-5641/O4

Original research articles, Ietters and reviews Covering theory and experiments in the fieids of

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- Cosmology

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