2008 Vol. 32, No. 4

Particle and field theory
Exact solution to two-dimensional isotropic charged harmonic oscillator in uniform magnetic field in non-commutative phase space
WEI Gao-Feng, LONG Chao-Yun, LONG Zheng-Wen, QIN Shui-Jie
2008, 32(4): 247-250. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/001

In this paper, the isotropic charged harmonic oscillator in uniform magnetic field is researched in the non-commutative phase space; the corresponding exact energy is obtained, and the analytic eigenfunction is presented in terms of the confluent hypergeometric function. It is shown that in the non-commutative space,the isotropic charged harmonic oscillator in uniform magnetic field has the similar behaviors to the Landau problem.

Nuclear and ion Physics
Cross-section measurement for Ni(n,x)58(m+g)Co,Ni(n, x)60mCo, Ni(n,x)61Co and Ni(n,x)62mCo reactions induced by neutrons around 14MeV
FANG Kai-Hong, XU Xiao-San, LAN Chang-Lin, YUAN Ji-Long, KONG Xiang-Zhong
2008, 32(4): 251-253. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/002

The cross sections of Ni(n, x)58(m+g)Co, Ni(n, x)60mCo,Ni(n, x)61Co and Ni(n, x)62mCo reactions induced by neutrons around 14MeV were measured in this work and calculated by a previously developed formula in this work. The neutron flux was determined using the monitor reaction 27Al(n, α)24Na and the neutron
energies were measured with the method of cross-section ratios for 90Zr(n, 2n)89Zr to 93Nb(n, 2n)92mNb reactions.

η production in proton-nucleus collisions near threshold
YANG You-Chang, CHEN Hong, JIANG Huan-Qing
2008, 32(4): 254-258. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/003

The η-meson production in proton-nucleus (pA) collisions near threshold is studied within a relativistic meson-exchange model. The primary production amplitude is presented in the distorted-wave impulse approximation for the nucleus with isospin 0 or 1 by assuming that N*(1535) is excited via a meson exchange and then decays into η and nucleon pair(ηN). Taking 18O and 12C nuclei as examples, we evaluate the production cross sections as a function of the incident proton energy, and analyze the effects of nuclear medium and various meson-exchange contributions. Finally we discuss implications for further
experimental studies at the Cooling Storage Ring (CSR) in Lanzhou.

Pseudorapidity distribution of multiplicity in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200GeV
DONG Ya-Fei, JIANG Zhi-Jin, WANG Zeng-Wei
2008, 32(4): 259-263. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/004

Using the Glauber model, we discuss the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions in heavy-ion collisions. Based on the latter, after considering the effect of energy loss of the nucleons in multiple collisions, we derive the pseudorapidity distribution of the multiplicity as a function of the impact parameter in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Using this, we analyze the experimental measurements carried out by the BRAHMS Collaboration in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200GeV. The results are in good agreement with the experimental observations.

Detection Technology and Methods
A study of the calibration of wire positions for the BESⅢ drift chamber using physics data without magnetic field
WU Ling-Hui, WANG Yi-Fang, CHEN Yuan-Bo, LIU Jian-Bei, LIU Rong-Guang, MA Xiao-Yan
2008, 32(4): 264-268. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/005

A method to determine precisely three-dimensional wire positions in the BESⅢ drift chamber using physics events is introduced. In part the proposed technique takes advantage of the possibility that the magnetic field can be turned off, thereby providing a huge sample of straight tracks for which effects due to multiple scattering, energy loss and non-uniformity of the magnetic field are minimized during the calibration process. A toy Monte Carlo study is performed to demonstrate the viability of the method. As a result of the calibration process, the rms of the distribution of wire position deviation is reduced from 35μm to 10μm.

Energy loss correction for a crystal calorimeter
2008, 32(4): 269-274. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/006
Material effect of inner-detectors on the performances of the BESⅢ Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC) is investigated. The BESⅢ Time-Of-Flight counters (TOF) have been utilized to improve the energy resolution and detection efficiency for photons after a careful energy calibration. A matching algorithm between TOF and EMC energy deposits is developed, and the effects of beam-related background are discussed. The energy resolution is improved and the photon detection efficiency can be increased by the combined measurement of EMC and TOF detectors.
Design of a higher harmonic cavity for the SSRF storage ring
MA Guang-Ming, ZHAO Zhen-Tang, LIU Jian-Fei
2008, 32(4): 275-279. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/007

Higher harmonic cavity used in the third generation synchrotron light source increases the Touschek lifetime. The higher harmonic cavity of Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) is a 1.5GHz passive superconducting cavity. Its higher order modes (HOM) are extracted by a ferrite HOM damper out of the cryostat. Multi-cell cavity is chosen concerning the voltage. The harmonic cavity dynamics, beam dynamics with passive harmonic cavity and the design of single cell cavity are included in this paper.

Thermal analysis and water-cooling design of the CSNS MEBT 324MHz buncher cavity
LIU Hua-Chang, OUYANG Hua-Fu
2008, 32(4): 280-284. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/008

At least two bunchers are needed in the 3MeV H Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT) line located between RFQ and DTL for the CSNS (China Spallation Neutron Source). A nose-cone geometry has been adopted as the type of buncher cavity for its simplicity, higher impedance and lower risk of multipacting. By making use of the results got from the simulations on the buncher with two-dimension code SUPERFISH, the thermal and structural analyses have been carried out, the process and results to determine the resulting frequency shift due to thermal and structural distortion of the cavity are presented, the water-cooling channel position and the optimum cooling water temperature as well as the tuning method by adjusting the cooling water temperature when the cavity is out of resonance are also determined through the analyses.

Sorting of bending magnets for the SSRF booster
HOU Jie, LIU Gui-Min, LI Hao-Hu, ZHANG Man-Zhou
2008, 32(4): 285-289. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/009

The Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF)booster ring, a full energy injector for the storage ring, is deigned to accelerate the electron beam energy from 150MeV to 3.5GeV that demands high extraction efficiency at the extraction energy with low beam loss rate when electrons are ramping. Closed orbit distortion (COD) caused by bending magnet field uniformity errors which affects the machine performance harmfully could be effectively reduced by bending magnet location sorting. Considering the affections of random errors in measurement, both ideal sorting and realistic sorting are studied based on measured bending magnet field uniformity errors and one reasonable combination of bending magnets which can reduce the horizontal COD by a factor of 5 is given as the final installation sequence of the booster bending magnets in this paper.

Theoretical investigation of a backward wave oscillator
MA Qiao-Sheng, ZHOU Chuan-Min, WU Yong
2008, 32(4): 290-293. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/010

From the linear Vlasov equation, the theoretical investigation on relativistic backward wave oscillator is performed. The relationship between the microwave power and the guiding magnetic field, which accords with the results of the particle simulation and experiments, is deduced.

The cryogenic control system of BEPCⅡ
LI Gang, WANG Ke-Xiang, ZHAO Ji-Jiu, YUE Ke-Juan, DAI Ming-Hui, HUANG Yi-Ling, JIANG Bo
2008, 32(4): 294-296. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/011
A superconducting cryogenic system has been designed and deployed in the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider Upgrade Project (BEPCⅡ). The system consists of a Siemens PLC (S7-PLC, Programmable Logic Controller) for the compressor control, an Allen Bradley (AB) PLC for the cryogenic equipments, and the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) that integrates the PLCs. The system fully automates the superconducting cryogenic control with process control, PID (Proportional-Integral-Differential) control loops, real-time data access and data storage, alarm handler and human machine interface. It is capable of automatic recovery as well. This paper describes the BEPCⅡ cryogenic control system, data communication between S7-PLC and EPICS Input/Output Controllers (IOCs), and the integration of the flow control, the low level interlock, the AB-PLC, and EPICS.
Synchrotron radiation,applications of nuclear techniquees,etc
Gain of harmonic generation in high gain free electron laser
DENG Hai-Xiao, DAI Zhi-Min
2008, 32(4): 297-302. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/012
In a planar undulator employed free electron laser (FEL), each harmonic radiation starts from linear amplification and ends with nonlinear harmonic interactions of the lower nonlinear harmonics and the fundamental radiation. In this paper, we investigate the harmonic generation based on the dispersion relation driven from the coupled Maxwell-Vlasov equations, taking into account the effects due to energy spread, emittance, betatron oscillation of electron beam as well as diffraction guiding of the radiation field. A 3D universal scaling function for gain of the linear harmonic generation and a 1D universal scaling function for gain of the nonlinear harmonic generation are presented, which promise rapid computation in FEL design and optimization. The analytical approaches have been validated by 3D simulation results in large range.
Bipartite entanglement in spin-1/2 Heisenberg model
HU Ming-Liang, TIAN Dong-Ping
2008, 32(4): 303-307. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/013

The bipartite entanglement of the two- and three-spin Heisenberg model was investigated by using the concept of negativity. It is found that for the ground-state entanglement of the two-spin model, the negativity always decreases as B increases if Δ<γ-1, and it may keep a steady value of 0.5 in the region of B<J[(Δ+1)2-γ2]1/2 if Δ>γ-1, while for that of the three-spin model, the negativity exhibits square wave structures if γ=0 or Δ=0. For thermal states, there are two areas showing entanglement, namely, the main region and the sub-region. The main region exists only when Δ>Δcc=γ-1 and (γ2-1)/2 for the 2- and 3-spin model respectively) and extends in terms of B and T as Δ increases, while the sub-region survives only when γ≠0 and shrinks in terms of B and T as Δ increases.

Collision geometry and particle production in high energy heavy ion collision experiments
WANG Ya-Ping, ZHOU Dai-Mei, HUANG Rui-Dian, CAI Xu
2008, 32(4): 308-328. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/4/014

An overview of research status of soft physics in high energy heavy-ion collision experiments and recent experimental results are presented. This paper includes four parts: 1) Theoretical predictions of quark-gluon plasma and introduction for high energy heavy ion collision experiments. 2) Experimental status on collision
geometry. 3) Experimental status on particle production. 4) Conclusion and outlook for research status of soft physics in LHC/ALICE.