2014 Vol. 38, No. 6
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The study of ρ-ω mixing has mainly focused on vector meson decays with isospin I=1, namely the ρ(ω)→π+π- process. In this paper, we present a study of ρ-ω mixing in ρ(ω)→π+π-π0 (I=0) using a flavor parameterization model for the J/ø→ VP process. By fitting a theoretical framework to PDG data, we obtain the SU(3)-breaking effect parameters sV=0.03±0.12, sP=0.17±0.17 and the ρ-ω mixing polarization operator ∏ρω=(0.006±0.011) GeV2. New values are found for the branching ratios when the mixing effect is incorporated: Br(J/ψ→ ωπ0) = (3.64 ±0.37)×10-4, Br(J/ψ→ ωη) = (1.48 ±0.17)×10-3, Br(J/ψ→ ωη') = (1.55±0.56)×10-4, these are different from the corresponding PDG2012 values by 19%, 15% and 15%, respectively.
Within mixed-action chiral perturbation theory (MAχPT), Sasa's derivation of the bubble contribution to scalar a0 meson is extended to those of scalar k and σ mesons. We revealed that the k bubble has two double poles and the σ bubble contains a quadratic-in-t2 growth factor stemming from the multiplication of two double poles for a general mass tuning of valence quarks and sea quarks. The corresponding preliminary analytical expressions in MAχPT with 2+1 chiral valence quarks and 2+1 staggered sea quarks will be helpful for lattice studies of scalar mesons.
Using the Bs meson wave function extracted from non-leptonic Bs decays, we reevaluate the rare decays Bs→l+l- γ,(l=e,μ) in the Standard Model, including two kinds of contributions from the magnetic-penguin operator with virtual and real photons. We find that contributions to the exclusive decays from the magnetic-penguin operator b→sγ with real photons, which were regarded as negligible in the previous literature, are large and the branching ratios Bs→l+l-γ are enhanced by a factor of almost 2. With the predicted branching ratios of the order of 10-8, it is expected that these radiative dileptonic decays will be detected in LHC-b and B factories in the near future.
We study the Dirac oscillator problem in the presence of the Aharonov-Bohm effect with the harmonic potential in commutative and noncommutative spaces in S=V and S=-V symmetry limits. We calculate exact energy levels and the corresponding eigenfunctions by the Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU) method and report the impact of the spin and the magnetic flux on the problem. Helpful numerical data is included.
The neutron rich nucleus 193Os was produced in the 192Os(7Li, 6Li)193Os reaction. An isomeric state based on the 9/2- Nilsson orbital was identified in the present work. The half-life of the isomeric state was extracted and discussed in terms of the K quantum number. A level scheme built on the isomeric state was proposed based on the experimental data.
A dynamical model based on one-dimensional Langevin equations was used to calculate the average pre-fission multiplicities of neutrons, light charged particles, and the fission probability for compound nucleus 178W produced in fusion reactions. The pre-scission multiplicities of particles and fission probability are calculated and compared with the experimental data over a wide range of excitation energy. A modified wall and window dissipation with a reduction coefficient, ks, has been used in the Langevin equations for reproducing experimental data. It was shown that the results of the calculations are in good agreement with the experimental data by using values of ks in the range 0.24≤ ks ≤ 0.47.
Charged Coupled Devices (CCDs) have been successfully used in several low energy X-ray astronomical satellites over the past two decades. Their high energy resolution and high spatial resolution make them a perfect tool for low energy astronomy, such as observing the formation of galaxy clusters and the environment around black holes. The Low Energy X-ray Telescope (LE) group is developing a Swept Charge Device (SCD) for the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT) satellite. A SCD is a special low energy X-ray CCD, which can be read out a thousand times faster than traditional CCDs, simultaneously keeping excellent energy resolution. A test method for measuring the charge transfer efficiency (CTE) of a prototype SCD has been set up. Studies of the charge transfer inefficiency (CTI) with a proton-irradiated SCD have been performed at a range of operating temperatures. The SCD is irradiated by 3×108cm-2 10 MeV protons.
A readout electronics system used for space cosmic-ray charge measurement for multi-channel silicon detectors is introduced in this paper, including performance measurements. A 64-channel charge sensitive ASIC (VA140) from the IDEAS company is used. With its features of low power consumption, low noise, large dynamic range, and high integration, it can be used in future particle detecting experiments based on silicon detectors.
The fuel ion temperature in inertial confinement fusion can be determined from the neutron energy spectrum. For the implosion experiment with low neutron yield, and thus low signal-to-noise ratio, a new technique to unfold the neutron energy spectrum from the observed neutron time-of-flight signal is presented in this paper. This method uses a low-pass filter to remove noise from the signal with a threshold value determined by power spectrum analysis. This technique has been applied to the analysis of the observed neutron time-of-flight signals in the indirect drive implosion experiment conducted on Shenguang Ⅲ prototype laser facility, and fuel ion temperatures of about 1.0 keV are obtained.
In ground-based extensive air shower experiments, the direction and energy are reconstructed by measuring the relative arrival time of secondary particles, and the energy they deposit. The measurement precision of the arrival time is crucial for determination of the angular resolution. For this purpose, we need to obtain a precise relative time offset for each detector and to apply the calibration process. The time offset is associated with the photomultiplier tube, cable, relevant electronic circuits, etc. In view of the transit time through long cables being heavily dependent on the ambient temperature, a real-time calibration method for the cable transit time is investigated in this paper. Even with a poor-resolution time-to-digital converter, this method can achieve high precision. This has been successfully demonstrated with the Front-End-Electronic board used in the Daya Bay neutrino experiment.
This work provides an approach to determine the efficiency of γ-ray detectors with a good accuracy in order to determine the concentrations of either naturally occurring or artificially prepared radionuclides. This approach is based on the efficiency transfer formula (ET), the effective solid angles, the self- absorptions of the source matrix, the attenuation by the source container and the detector housing materials on the detector efficiency. The experimental calibration process was done using radioactive (Cylindrical & Marinelli) sources, in different dimensions, that contain aqueous 152Eu radionuclide. The comparison point to a fine agreement between the experimental measured and calculated efficiencies for the (NaI & HPGe) detectors using volumetric radioactive sources.
Using experimental data, Monte Carlo tuning is implemented for performance parameters associated with the scintillation counters and readout electronics of the BESⅢ time-of-flight (TOF) system, as part of the full simulation model. The implementation of the tuning is described for simulations designed to reproduce the performance of a number of TOF system parameters, including pulse height, hit efficiency, time resolution, dead channels and background. In addition, comparisons with experimental data are presented.
To merge the beam from either of the two injectors to the main linac, a dog-leg system will be employed in the second Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT2) line of the China ADS driving accelerator. The achromatic condition has to be guaranteed to avoid beam center excursion against energy jitter. RF cavities were found to be indispensable to control the bunch length growth in the dog-leg system of MEBT2. The full uncoupling between transverse and longitudinal plane is desired to minimize the growth of projected rms emittances. The uncoupled achromatic condition of this dogleg system with the presence of RF bunching cavities will be deduced using the transfer matrices method. It is found that, to fulfill the uncoupling condition, the distance between the bunching cavities is uniquely determined by the maximum energy gain of the RF cavities. The theoretical analysis is verified by the simulation code TraceWin. The space charge effect on the uncoupled achromatic condition and the beam emittance growth will also be discussed.
Indus-2 is a synchrotron radiation source that is operational at RRCAT, Indore, India. It is essentially pertinent in any synchrotron radiation facility to store the electron beam without beam loss. During the day to day operation of Indus-2 storage ring, difficulty was being faced in accumulating higher beam current. After examination, it was found that the working point was shifting from its desired value during accumulation. For smooth beam accumulation, a fixed desired tune in both horizontal and vertical plane plays a significant role in avoiding beam loss via the resonance process. This required a betatron tune feedback system to be put in the storage ring. After putting ON this feedback, the beam accumulation was smooth. The details of this feedback and its working principle are described in this paper.
The energy recovery linac test facility (ERL-TF), which is a compact ERL-FEL (free electron laser) two-purpose machine, was proposed at the Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing. As one important component of the ERL-TF, the photo-injector that started with a photocathode direct-current gun has been designed. In this paper, optimization of the injector beam dynamics in low-charge operation mode is performed with iterative scans using Impact-T. In addition, the dependencies between the optimized beam quality and the initial offset at cathode and element parameters are investigated. The tolerance of alignment and rotation errors is also analyzed.
In an ADS injector Ⅰ, there are five superconducting magnets in each cryomodule. Each superconducting magnet contains a solenoid magnet, a horizontal dipole corrector (HDC), and a vertical dipole corrector (VDC). Six current leads will be required to power the electrical circuits, from room temperature to the 2.1 K liquid helium bath: two leads carry 100 A current for the solenoid magnet while the other four carry 12 A for the HDC and the VDC. This paper presents the principle of current lead optimization, which includes the cooling methods, the choice of material and structure, and the issues for current lead integration.
The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is a high intensity proton accelerator based facility. Its accelerator complex includes two main parts: an H- linac and a rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). The RCS accumulates the 80 MeV proton beam and accelerates it to 1.6 GeV, with a repetition rate of 25 Hz. The AC dipole of the CSNS/RCS is operated at a 25 Hz sinusoidal alternating current which causes severe vibration. The vibration will influence the long-term safety and reliable operation of the magnet. The dipole magnet of CSNS/RCS is an active vibration equipment, which is different from the ground vibration accelerator. It is very important to design and study the dynamic characteristics of the dipole-girder system. This paper takes the AC dipole and girder as a specific model system. A method for studying the dynamic characteristics of the system is put forward by combining theoretical calculation with experimental testing. The ANSYS simulation method plays a very important role in the girder structure design stage. With this method, the mechanical resonance phenomenon was avoided in the girder design time. At the same time the dipole vibratory force will influence the other equipment through the girder. Since it is necessary to isolate and decrease the dipole vibration, a new isolator was designed to isolate the vibratory force and decrease the vibration amplitude of the magnet.
In the NSC KIPT linac, a neutron source based on a subcritical assembly driven by a 100 MeV/100 kW electron linear accelerator is under design and development. The linear accelerator needs a new high current electron gun. In this paper, the physical design, mechanical fabrication and beam test of this new electron gun are described. The emission current is designed to be higher than 2 A for the pulse width of 3 μs with repetition rate of 50 Hz. The gun will operate with a DC high voltage power supply that can provide a high voltage up to 150 kV. Computer simulations and optimizations have been carried out in the design stage, including the gun geometry and beam transport line. The test results of high voltage conditioning and beam test are presented. The operation status of the electron gun system is also included. The basic test results show that the design, manufacture, and operation of the new electron system are basically successful.
The RF and mechanical coupled analyses are essential in superconducting cavity design in order to predict the deformation of the cavity walls and the frequency shift caused by the deformation. In this paper, the detuning caused by both bath helium pressure and Lorentz force is analysed and a tuning system has been investigated and designed to compensate the detuning by deforming the half-wave resonator along the beam axis. The simulations performed with ANSYS code show that the tuning system can adjust and compensate the frequency drift due to external vibrations and helium pressure fluctuation during operation.
The injector Scheme-Ⅰ (or Injector-Ⅰ) of the C-ADS linac is a 10 mA 10 MeV proton linac working in CW mode. It is mainly comprised of a 3.2 MeV room-temperature 4-vane RFQ and twelve superconducting single-spoke cavities housed in a long cryostat. Error analysis including alignment and field errors, and static and dynamic ones for the injector are presented. Based on detailed numerical simulations, an orbit correction scheme has been designed, which shows that with correction the rms residual orbit errors can be controlled within 0.3 mm and a beam loss rate of 1.7× 10-6 is obtained. To reduce the beam loss rate further, an improved lattice design for the superconducting spoke cavity section has been studied.
The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a future e+e- linear collider. The CLIC study concentrated on a design of center-of-mass energy of 3 TeV and demonstrated the feasibility of the technology. However, the physics also demands lower energy collision. To satisfy this, CLIC can be built in stages. The actual stages will depend on LHC results. Some specific scenarios of staged constructions have been shown in CLIC Concept Design Report (CDR). In this paper, we concentrate on the main linac lattice design for Ecm=1 TeV CLIC aiming to upgrade from Ecm=500 GeV CLIC and then to Ecm=3 TeV one. This main linac accelerates the electron or positron beam from 9 GeV to 500 GeV. A primary lattice design based on the 3 TeV CLIC main linac design and its optimization based on the beam dynamics study will be presented. As we use the same design principles as 3TeV CLIC main linac, this optimization is basically identical to the 3 TeV one. All the simulations results are obtained using the tracking code PLACET.
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