Conceptional design of a heavy ion linac injector for HIRFL-CSRm

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ZHANG Xiao-Hu, YUAN You-Jin, XIA Jia-Wen, YIN Xue-Jun, DU Heng and LI Zhong-Shan. Conceptional design of a heavy ion linac injector for HIRFL-CSRm[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2014, 38(10): 107002. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/10/107002
ZHANG Xiao-Hu, YUAN You-Jin, XIA Jia-Wen, YIN Xue-Jun, DU Heng and LI Zhong-Shan. Conceptional design of a heavy ion linac injector for HIRFL-CSRm[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2014, 38(10): 107002.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/10/107002 shu
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Received: 2013-11-15
Revised: 1900-01-01
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Conceptional design of a heavy ion linac injector for HIRFL-CSRm

    Corresponding author: ZHANG Xiao-Hu,

Abstract: A room temperature heavy ion linac has been proposed as a new injector of the main Cooler Storage Ring (CSRm) at the Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL), which is expected to improve the performance of HIRFL. The linac injector can supply heavy ions with a maximum mass to charge ratio of 7 and an injection kinetic energy of 7.272 MeV/u for CSRm; the pulsed beam intensity is 3 emA with the duty factor of 3%. Compared with the present cyclotron injector, the Sector Focusing Cyclotron (SFC), the beam current from linac can be improved by 10-100 times. As the pre-accelerator of the linac, the 108.48 MHz 4-rod Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) accelerates the ion beam from 4 keV/u to 300 keV/u, which achieves the transmission efficiency of 95.3% with a 3.07 long vane. The phase advance has been taken into account in the analysis of the error tolerance, and parametric resonances have been carefully avoided by adjusting the structure parameters. Kombinierte Null Grad Struktur Interdigital H-mode Drift Tube Linacs (KONUS IH-DTLs), which follow the RFQ, accelerate ions up to the energy of 7.272 MeV/u for CSRm. The resonance frequency is 108.48 MHz for the first two cavities and 216.96 MHz for the last 5 Drift Tube Linacs (DTLs). The maximum accelerating gradient can reach 4.95 MV/m in a DTL section with the length of 17.066 m, and the total pulsed RF power is 2.8 MW. A new strategy, for the determination of resonance frequency, RFQ vane voltage and DTL effective accelerating voltage, is described in detail. The beam dynamics design of the linac will be presented in this paper.

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