Monte-Carlo simulation of a compact gamma-ray detector using wavelength-shifting fibers coupled to a YAP scintillation crystal

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ZHU Jie, MA Hong-Guang, MA Wen-Yan, ZENG Hui, WANG Zhao-Min and XU Zi-Zong. Monte-Carlo simulation of a compact gamma-ray detector using wavelength-shifting fibers coupled to a YAP scintillation crystal[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2008, 32(5): 377-380. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/5/010
ZHU Jie, MA Hong-Guang, MA Wen-Yan, ZENG Hui, WANG Zhao-Min and XU Zi-Zong. Monte-Carlo simulation of a compact gamma-ray detector using wavelength-shifting fibers coupled to a YAP scintillation crystal[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2008, 32(5): 377-380.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/32/5/010 shu
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Received: 2007-09-10
Revised: 2007-12-07
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Monte-Carlo simulation of a compact gamma-ray detector using wavelength-shifting fibers coupled to a YAP scintillation crystal

    Corresponding author: ZENG Hui,

Abstract: 

The production and transportation of fluorescent light produced in wavelength-shifting fibers (WSFs) coupled to YAP scintillation crystal is simulated using the GEANT4 codes. An advantage of the wavelength-shifting fiber readout technique over a direct readout with a position-sensitive photo-sensor is the reduced requirement for position sensitive photomultiplier tube photocathode area. With this gamma-ray detector, the gamma camera is small and flexible and has larger effective field of view and low cost. Simulation results show that a) a mean 12 of photons per 59.5 keV gamma ray interaction is produced in the WSF located nearest to the incident gamma ray, and a spatial resolution of 3.6 mm FWHM is obtained, b) a mean 27 of photons per 140 keV gamma ray interaction is produced and a spatial resolution of 3.1 mm FWHM is obtained. Results demonstrate the feasibility of this concept of a compact gamma-ray detector based on wavelength-shifting fibers readout. However, since the very low photoelectron levels, it is very important to use a photon counting device with good single photo-electron response to readout the WSFs.

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