## 1992 Vol. 16, No. 5

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**Abstract:**

^{57}Fe-Mossbauer spectra of GdBa

_{2}(Cu

_{1－x}Fe

_{x})

_{7－δ}(x=0.005) are studied at a wide temperature range (1.4K－700K),and the valence states and surroundings of iron cations are analyzed.There are four sites for Fe:A,B,C and D.Fe(A),Fe(B) and Fe(C) occupy Cu (1) sites with different O-coordinations.Fe(D) is attributed to a Cu(2) site with only one defined O-surrounding.The Fe cations are identified as high spin 4+ at site B and 3+ at site D.Alignment of powder absorber in a magnetic field leads to small texture effects.

**Abstract:**

Using small Pb emulsion chambers placed at a camping site for Mr.Qomolangma mountaineering with an altitude of 6500m a.s.l.,the intensity of high energy cosmic ray hadrons is determined.Combining the data with those observed at Mt.Kanbala (5500m a.s.l.)and the Yunnan Cosmic Ray Observatory (3200m a.s.l.),the variation of high energy cosmic ray hadrons are obtained.

**Abstract:**

Introducing effective energy change tate of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) during interstellar propagation,we obtain a general method of solving the propagation equation of GCR nuclei-modified slab weighted method.In the leaky box model,we give comparisons of calculated ratios of secondary and primary nuclei and primary energy spectra with observed results.

**Abstract:**

CP-violating effects in partial-decay-decay-rate asymmetries for two-body baryonic decays of B

^{0}－B

^{0}and B

^{0}－B

^{0}systems are examined.We concentrate on those final states into which both B

^{0}and B

^{0}can decay.Two cases are discussed in detail:one is for Z

^{0}factory for incoherent BB production,the other is for C=+1 BB production above the Υ(4S) resonance at symmetric colliders.The bb pairs needed for testing these effects are estimated for 3σ signature.For the decay modes B

^{0}→PP,Δ

^{++}Δ

^{－－}and Δ

^{0}Δ

^{0},N

_{bb}～10

^{7}—10

^{8}.

**Abstract:**

With the theory of harmonic maps and the eight-dimensional Riemannian manifold,the completely integrable SU(2) and SU(3) self-dual Yang-Mills source-free field equations are described.Sixteen independent Killing vector fields are determined,two transformation groups which map solutions into solutions are constructed,and a conjecture on the complete integrability of systems by the inverse scattering method is formulated.

**Abstract:**

By using the Feigin-Fuch integral,we calculate the correlation function,operator product coefficient and crossing matrices in the nonunitary SU

_{K}(2) WZW model.We explicitly give the modular matrix and discuss the relations between the nonunitary SU

_{K}(2) WZW model and the unitary one.

**Abstract:**

In order to investigate the S-D truncation in the interacting boson model,s′-boson is considered to enlarge the collective subspace.The structures of the s,d and s′-bosons are determined in terms of one of the microscopic IBM approaches.The calculation and discussion of the s′-boson and the system including one s′-boson show that ,although the s′-boson has little contribution to the excited states below 2MeV which are already well described by the sd IBM,it is expected that the introducing of the s′-boson may extend the applicability of the model to a number of states above 2MeV.

**Abstract:**

On the premise of considering Pauli exclusion principle strictly,we have obtained an exact general formula of multiparticle and multi-hole state densities for any single-particle Hamiltonian.Besides,under the semi-classical Thomas-Fermi approximation,for deformed nuclei.we have derived a completely analytic expression of state densities based on axisymmetric harmonic oscillator potential.By means of this expression,we have calculated the state densities of g

_{1p1h},g

_{1p2h},g

_{2p1h},g

_{2p2h}and their corresponding cumulative state densities of N

_{1p1h},N

_{1p2h},N

_{2p1h},N

_{2p2h},and made comparisons with the results based on the three-dimensional linear harmonic oscillator potential.The results indicate that for medium-heavy nuclei,deformation parameter has a great effect on state densities.

**Abstract:**

With hydrodynamical model and equations of state,the dependence of the final state distributions on phase transition and its order is analysed in heavy-ion collisions.Because of the important collective phenomena at high energies and heavy nuclear mass,the rapidity distributions of

^{197}Au-

^{197}Au collisions at 100+100GeV per pair of nucleons may be considered as the signal of quark-gluon plasma.

**Abstract:**

The complete fusion excitation function for the

^{16}O+

^{24}Mg reaction has been measured in range of 41.6—50.0MeV in step of 0.30MeV with in-beam γ-spectroscopy technique.It is shown that the complete fusion excitation function for this system is not smooth and exist some fluctuations.The peak values of fluctuations correspond to 27.6 and 28.9MeV of center of mass energies.

**Abstract:**

The complete fusion excitation function has been measured for the

^{16}O+

^{12}C reaction in the energy range of 50—90MeV with a position sensitive ΔE-E telescope system.It is found that the complete fusion excitation function is not smooth and exhibits some structures.The peak position of the fluctuations correspond to 26.0,31.0 and 36.4MeV in the center of mass system.The experimental results are discussed and compared with that obtained in previous works.

**Abstract:**

The generalized q-coherent state of the quantum group SU

_{q}(2) is defined.The q-coherent state realization of the quantum algebra SU

_{q}(2) is given.This realization may be considered as q-Dyson realization.In analogy to the usual Lie algebra SU

_{q}(2),the q-Holstein-Primakoff representation is also found from the q-Dyson representation.The transformation matrix between the q-Dyson and Holstein-Primakoff representation is obtained.

**Abstract:**

The time processes of entropy production and collision number in intermediate energy heavy ion collisions were calculated by use of BUU equation with momentum dependence mean field and nucleon-nucleon collisions in the medium.The effects of momentum dependence mean field and nucleon-nucleon collisions in the medium on the entropy production and collision number are obvious and sensitive to impact parameter and bombarding energy.Especially these time processes reflect the properties of hot nuclear matter.

**Abstract:**

Analytical calculation of the vibrator-rotor transition is given by utilizing the 1/N expansion technique in the sdg IBM.The phase transition of low-lying energy spectrum and E2 transition for Sm isotopes are calculated.

**ISSN** 1674-1137 **CN** 11-5641/O4

Original research articles, Ietters and reviews Covering theory and experiments in the fieids of

- Particle physics
- Nuclear physics
- Particle and nuclear astrophysics
- Cosmology

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