## 1978 Vol. 2, No. 5

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**Abstract:**

Computer calculations have been made on the dimensional solution to the anisotropic diffusion convection equation for solar cosmic rays propagating in an uniform and unbounded interplanetary medium. This paper presents the results calculated by means of Jokipii's diffusion coefficients. Discussion is restricted to the influences of solar wind convection on the rise to maximum times and on the peak intensities of solar cosmic ray events with solar corotation effect taken into consideration. The model well explains the asymmetrical variations of the propagation charateristics of the events with solar longitudes of their parents flares relative to the interplanetary magnetic field lines passing through the earth, and the theoretical curves of the rise times fit satisfactorily the observations of solar events ranging from relativistic to about 30 MeV medium energies.

**Abstract:**

In this paper, the possibility that the newly discovered heavy particle

*γ*（9.5） is a colour excited state of mesons in the

*SU*（4）×

*S*

_{3}

^{α}scheme of straton model is discussed. We point out that in the

*γ*region, there are three colour excited states appearing as two peaks with mass difference about 0.5 GeV. The leptonic decays, hadronie decays, radiative decays, hadronic decays with electromagnetic interaction of the second order and the production behavior of

*γ*are discussed. This model also predicts that many colour excited states of mesons accompanied with

*γ*should exist with masses around 9.5 GeV and at least four weakly decaying particles should exist.

**Abstract:**

A simple method is proposed to obtain the classical monopole and dyon solutions in the case of

*SU*(4) symmetry, which can be systematically generalized to the general case of

*SU*(

*N*). The solutions obtained in the

*SU*(4) case correspond to magnetic charges of ±1/

*g,±*√3/(2

*g*),±1/(√2

*g*)

*.*

**Abstract:**

A simpler approximate formula to describe backward potential scattering at high energy is derived by neglecting the transverse monmentum transfer in the Green's propagator and, as examples, the numerical results are compared with the exact solutions.

**Abstract:**

At an altitude of 3220 meters above sea level in Yunnan Province, we measured, by using a G-M counter-magnetic spectrometer, the vertical integratted momentum spectrum of the cosmic muon with momentum larger than 4 GeV/

*c*. The spectrum obtained from this experiment is expressed by a power function in the form of

*I*（>

*p*）=

*Q*（

*p*+4）

^{-1.86±0.06}(cm

^{-2}·sr

^{-1}·s

^{-1}), where

*p*is in GeV/

*c*and

*Q*is a constant. We also measured the charge ratio of muon in the 4—23 GeV/

*c*momentum range. The result is

*N*/

_{μ}*N*=1.26±0.11. The error in the momentum measurement with spectrometer has been discussed and calculated.

_{μ}-**Abstract:**

Single tracks of unaccompanÏed charged hadrons, within a horigontal area of 0.23m

^{2}have been measured with a magnetic spectrometer, a pre-selector of momentum in combination with a multiplate cloud chamber in a laboratory at 3220m above sea level. Taking various possible corrections into account, the negative-positive ratio of charged hadrons was obtained as

*N*

^{-}/

*N*

^{+}=0.53±0.05 in the momentum range of 10-20 GeV/c. If we considered

*N*

^{+}contained only P and

*π*

^{+},

*N*

^{-}were

*π*

^{-}and that

*N*+/

_{π}*N*-=1, we deduced the result

_{π}*N*-/

_{π}*N*

_{p}=0.9±0.1. Taking the form of the π

^{-}integral spectrum as

*j*（>

*p*）=

*Kp*

^{-γ}, it was estimated that

*γ*（?）2.3 in the momentum range 5—20 GeV/c. In this paper the integral verticel flux intensity of all charged hadrons was also estimated roughly, the result is:

*j*

_{⊥}

^{p+π}（>12 GeV/c）=（7.4±0.7）×10

^{-5}/cm

^{2}·sг·s

^{.}

**Abstract:**

Formulae for the nuclear pairing-rotational (p.r.) and pairing-vibrational (p.v.) spectra are obtained using the PNC (particle-number-conserving) method. The quentum numbers characterizing the p.r. band, the braching ratios and the selection rule for two-particle transfer reactions are given. It is shown that the pairing-rotational scheme holds even for those nuclei near closed-shell, provided that the major-shell is not crossed. The anharmonic p.v. spectrum is shown to be equivalent to two sets of p.r. bands. The physical meaning of the parameters occuring in the p.r. and p.v. spectra is discussed.

**Abstract:**

Inelastic scattered neutron spectra of metal hydrides ZrH

_{1.66}and TiH

_{1.92}have been measured by beryllium filter detector spectrometer and their phonon spectra have been deduced from the neutron spectra according to the A. Sjölander formula by iterative method. The optical branches of the two samples thus obtained are approximately Gaussian distributions and their positions are in agreement with other works, while their PWHM are smaller than the value uncorrected for multiphonons effect reported elsewhere. Their acoustic branches obtained are of neither Debye nor Gaussian type but show a double-numped configurations. Some new configurations have been observed between the optical and acoustic branches which may be attributed to localized modes as a result of disorder.

**Abstract:**

Using time of flight technique the elastic differential cross sections were measured for neutrons from natural Fe, Cu, and Pb in the energy range 1.10 to 1.40 MeV.The effect of neutron attenuation and multiple scattering in the sample is corrected by extrapolation of the experimental results. The correction of scattering angles due to the finite source-sample-detector geometry is also considered. The measured elastic differential cross sections are expressed by Legendre polynomial expansions, from which the total cross sections are obtained.The Optical-Model Calculations are carried out which show a reasonable consistency with the measured values.

**Abstract:**

**Abstract:**

**Abstract:**

**Abstract:**

**ISSN** 1674-1137 **CN** 11-5641/O4

Original research articles, Ietters and reviews Covering theory and experiments in the fieids of

- Particle physics
- Nuclear physics
- Particle and nuclear astrophysics
- Cosmology

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