Monte-Carlo Simulation and Study of Sideward Flow for 238U238U Collisions at CSR Energy Area
- Received Date: 2007-01-04
- Accepted Date: 2007-01-31
- Available Online: 2007-11-05
Abstract: The ART(a Relativistic Transport) Model is applied for studying the UU collisions at a beam kinetic energy about 0.52GeV/nucleon. We discuss the time evolution and the centrality dependence for sideward flow of nucleons and pions at two extreme orientation UU collisions. It is found that the collective (side) flow is developed in the high density region and has a saturation in the expansion phase, so it is a sensitive probe for the reaction dynamics in the high density region. A distinct transition from pion flow to antiflow, which is relative to nucleons flow, occurs at the impact parameters of about 8fm and 2fm in tip-tip and body-body UU collisions, respectively. The pion flow is a result of the competition between the collective flow of baryon resonances and the shadowing of spectators through rescatterings and reabsorptions.