• The China Jinping Underground Laboratory (CJPL), which has the lowest cosmic-ray muon flux and the lowest reactor neutrino flux of any laboratory, is ideal to carry out low-energy neutrino experiments. With two detectors and a total fiducial mass of 2000 tons for solar neutrino physics (equivalently, 3000 tons for geo-neutrino and supernova neutrino physics), the Jinping neutrino experiment will have the potential to identify the neutrinos from the CNO fusion cycles of the Sun, to cover the transition phase for the solar neutrino oscillation from vacuum to matter mixing, and to measure the geo-neutrino flux, including the Th/U ratio. These goals can be fulfilled with mature existing techniques. Efforts on increasing the target mass with multi-modular neutrino detectors and on developing the slow liquid scintillator will increase the Jinping discovery potential in the study of solar neutrinos, geo-neutrinos, supernova neutrinos, and dark matter.
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John F. Beacom, Shaomin Chen, Jianping Cheng, Sayed N. Doustimotlagh, Yuanning Gao, Guanghua Gong, Hui Gong, Lei Guo, Ran Han, Hong-Jian He, Xingtao Huang, Jianmin Li, Jin Li, Mohan Li, Xueqian Li, Wei Liao, Guey-Lin Lin, Zuowei Liu, William McDonough, Ondrej Šrámek, Jian Tang, Linyan Wan, Yuanqing Wang, Zhe Wang, Zongyi Wang, Hanyu Wei, Yufei Xi, Ye Xu, Xun-Jie Xu, Zhenwei Yang, Chunfa Yao, Minfang Yeh, Qian Yue, Liming Zhang, Yang Zhang, Zhihong Zhao, Yangheng Zheng, Xiang Zhou, Xianglei Zhu and Kai Zuber. Physics prospects of the Jinping neutrino experiment[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2017, 41(2): 023002. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/41/2/023002
John F. Beacom, Shaomin Chen, Jianping Cheng, Sayed N. Doustimotlagh, Yuanning Gao, Guanghua Gong, Hui Gong, Lei Guo, Ran Han, Hong-Jian He, Xingtao Huang, Jianmin Li, Jin Li, Mohan Li, Xueqian Li, Wei Liao, Guey-Lin Lin, Zuowei Liu, William McDonough, Ondrej Šrámek, Jian Tang, Linyan Wan, Yuanqing Wang, Zhe Wang, Zongyi Wang, Hanyu Wei, Yufei Xi, Ye Xu, Xun-Jie Xu, Zhenwei Yang, Chunfa Yao, Minfang Yeh, Qian Yue, Liming Zhang, Yang Zhang, Zhihong Zhao, Yangheng Zheng, Xiang Zhou, Xianglei Zhu and Kai Zuber. Physics prospects of the Jinping neutrino experiment[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2017, 41(2): 023002.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/41/2/023002 shu
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Received: 2016-09-13
Revised: 2016-10-26
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    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11235006, 11475093, 11135009, 11375065, 11505301, and 11620101004), the Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program (20121088035, 20131089288, and 20151080432), the Key Laboratory of Particle Radiation Imaging (Tsinghua University), the CAS Center for Excellence in Particle Physics (CCEPP), U.S. National Science Foundation Grant PHY-1404311 (Beacom), and U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-98CH10886 (Yeh).

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Physics prospects of the Jinping neutrino experiment

    Corresponding author: Shaomin Chen,
    Corresponding author: Zhe Wang,
Fund Project:  Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11235006, 11475093, 11135009, 11375065, 11505301, and 11620101004), the Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program (20121088035, 20131089288, and 20151080432), the Key Laboratory of Particle Radiation Imaging (Tsinghua University), the CAS Center for Excellence in Particle Physics (CCEPP), U.S. National Science Foundation Grant PHY-1404311 (Beacom), and U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-98CH10886 (Yeh).

Abstract: The China Jinping Underground Laboratory (CJPL), which has the lowest cosmic-ray muon flux and the lowest reactor neutrino flux of any laboratory, is ideal to carry out low-energy neutrino experiments. With two detectors and a total fiducial mass of 2000 tons for solar neutrino physics (equivalently, 3000 tons for geo-neutrino and supernova neutrino physics), the Jinping neutrino experiment will have the potential to identify the neutrinos from the CNO fusion cycles of the Sun, to cover the transition phase for the solar neutrino oscillation from vacuum to matter mixing, and to measure the geo-neutrino flux, including the Th/U ratio. These goals can be fulfilled with mature existing techniques. Efforts on increasing the target mass with multi-modular neutrino detectors and on developing the slow liquid scintillator will increase the Jinping discovery potential in the study of solar neutrinos, geo-neutrinos, supernova neutrinos, and dark matter.

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