Very high-frequency gravitational waves from magnetars and gamma-ray bursts

  • Extremely powerful astrophysical electromagnetic (EM) systems could be possible sources of high-frequency gravitational waves (HFGWs). Here, based on properties of magnetars and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), we address "Gamma-HFGWs" (with very high-frequency around 1020 Hz) caused by ultra-strong EM radiation (in the radiation-dominated phase of GRB fireballs) interacting with super-high magnetar surface magnetic fields (~1011 T). By certain parameters of distance and power, the Gamma-HFGWs would have far field energy density Ωgw around 10-6 and they would cause perturbed signal EM waves of ~10-20 W/m2 in a proposed HFGW detection system based on the EM response to GWs. Specially, Gamma-HFGWs would possess distinctive envelopes with characteristic shapes depending on the particular structures of surface magnetic fields of magnetars, which could be exclusive features helpful to distinguish them from background noise. Results obtained suggest that magnetars could be involved in possible astrophysical EM sources of GWs in the very high-frequency band, and Gamma-HFGWs could be potential targets for observations in the future.
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Hao Wen, Fang-Yu Li, Jin Li, Zhen-Yun Fang and Andrew Beckwith. Very high-frequency gravitational waves from magnetars and gamma-ray bursts[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2017, 41(12): 125101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/41/12/125101
Hao Wen, Fang-Yu Li, Jin Li, Zhen-Yun Fang and Andrew Beckwith. Very high-frequency gravitational waves from magnetars and gamma-ray bursts[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2017, 41(12): 125101.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/41/12/125101 shu
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Received: 2017-05-15
Revised: 2017-09-18
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    Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11605015, 11375279, 11205254, 11647307) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (106112017CDJXY300003, 106112017CDJXFLX0014)

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Very high-frequency gravitational waves from magnetars and gamma-ray bursts

    Corresponding author: Hao Wen,
  • 1. Department of Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 401331, China
Fund Project:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11605015, 11375279, 11205254, 11647307) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (106112017CDJXY300003, 106112017CDJXFLX0014)

Abstract: Extremely powerful astrophysical electromagnetic (EM) systems could be possible sources of high-frequency gravitational waves (HFGWs). Here, based on properties of magnetars and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), we address "Gamma-HFGWs" (with very high-frequency around 1020 Hz) caused by ultra-strong EM radiation (in the radiation-dominated phase of GRB fireballs) interacting with super-high magnetar surface magnetic fields (~1011 T). By certain parameters of distance and power, the Gamma-HFGWs would have far field energy density Ωgw around 10-6 and they would cause perturbed signal EM waves of ~10-20 W/m2 in a proposed HFGW detection system based on the EM response to GWs. Specially, Gamma-HFGWs would possess distinctive envelopes with characteristic shapes depending on the particular structures of surface magnetic fields of magnetars, which could be exclusive features helpful to distinguish them from background noise. Results obtained suggest that magnetars could be involved in possible astrophysical EM sources of GWs in the very high-frequency band, and Gamma-HFGWs could be potential targets for observations in the future.

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