Mechanical research and development of a monocrystallinesilicon neutron beam window for CSNS

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ZHOU Liang and QU Hua-Min. Mechanical research and development of a monocrystallinesilicon neutron beam window for CSNS[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2015, 39(9): 096001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/39/9/096001
ZHOU Liang and QU Hua-Min. Mechanical research and development of a monocrystallinesilicon neutron beam window for CSNS[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2015, 39(9): 096001.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/39/9/096001 shu
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Received: 2014-11-24
Revised: 2015-04-27
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Mechanical research and development of a monocrystallinesilicon neutron beam window for CSNS

    Corresponding author: ZHOU Liang,
    Corresponding author: QU Hua-Min,

Abstract: The monocrystalline silicon neutron beam window is one of the key components of a neutron spectrometer. Monocrystalline silicon is brittle and its strength is generally described by a Weibull distribution due to the material inhomogeneity. The window is designed not simply according to the mean strength but also according to the survival rate. The total stress of the window is stress-linearized into a combination of membrane stress and bending stress by finite element analysis. The window is a thin circular plate, so bending deformation is the main cause of failure and tensile deformation is secondary and negligible. Based on the Weibull distribution of bending strength of monocrystalline silicon, the optimized neutron beam window is designed to be 1.5 mm thick. Its survival rate is 0.9994 and its transmittance is 0.98447, which meets both physical and mechanical requirements.

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