Physical design of FEL injector based on the performance-enhanced EC-ITC RF gun

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HU Tong-Ning, CHEN Qu-Shan, PEI Yuan-Ji, LI Ji and QIN Bin. Physical design of FEL injector based on the performance-enhanced EC-ITC RF gun[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2014, 38(1): 018101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/1/018101
HU Tong-Ning, CHEN Qu-Shan, PEI Yuan-Ji, LI Ji and QIN Bin. Physical design of FEL injector based on the performance-enhanced EC-ITC RF gun[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2014, 38(1): 018101.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/1/018101 shu
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Received: 2013-03-22
Revised: 1900-01-01
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Physical design of FEL injector based on the performance-enhanced EC-ITC RF gun

    Corresponding author: PEI Yuan-Ji,

Abstract: To meet the requirements of high performance THz-FEL (Free Electron Laser), a compact scheme of FEL injector was proposed. A thermionic cathode was chosen to emit electrons instead of a photo-cathode with its complex structure and high cost. The effective bunch charge was improved to ~200 pC by adopting an enhanced EC-ITC (External Cathode Independently Tunable Cells) RF gun to extract micro-bunches; back bombardment effects were almost eliminated as well. Constant gradient accelerator structures were designed to improve energy to ~14 MeV, while the focusing system was applied for emittance suppressing and bunch state maintenance. The physical design and beam dynamics of the key components for the FEL injector were analyzed. Furthermore, start-to-end simulations with multi-pulses were performed using homemade MATLAB and Parmela. The results show that continual high brightness electron bunches with a low energy spread and emittance could be obtained stably.

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